Leonardo, Volume 32, Issue 3 | Leonardo/ISASTwith Arizona State University
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Artists' Article

  • Art as a Living System: Interactive Computer Artworks
    Laurent Mignonneau
    Get at MIT Press

    The authors design computer installations that integrate artificial life and real life by means of human-computer interaction. While exploring real-time interaction and evolutionary image processes, visitors to their interactive installations become essential parts of the systems by transferring the individual behaviors, emotions and personalities to the works' image processing. Images in these installations are not static, pre-fixed or predictable, but “living systems” themselves, representing minute changes in the viewers' interactions with the installations' evolutionary image processes.

Artists' Statements

Theoretical Perspective on the Arts, Sciences and Technology

  • From the Artificial to the Art: A Short Introduction to a Theory and Its Applications
    Massimo Negrotti, Charles Lee
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    The author presents the idea that all human attempts to reproduce natural objects (“exemplars”) or their functions—that is, to build artificial objects or processes—unavoidably result in a transfiguration of the exemplars. After introducing the main concepts of a theory of the artificial, the author extends the theory to communication and the arts, both of which provide compelling examples of the generation of artificial objects or processes. The author conceives of art as a paradoxical communication process by which transfiguration does not represent a failure of the reproduction process but, rather, the true objective of the artist.

General Note

  • Buildings and Human Figures Aware of Each Other
    Rudolf Arnheim
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    The visual relationship between buildings and human beings is treated as the interaction between two systems: the reality system, dealing with the physical world in and of itself, and the apprehension system, dealing with the world looked at and represented by viewers. The two systems interact in a unitary physical world and can also be depicted in the visual arts.


  • The Souillac II Conference on Art, Industry and Innovation: Final Report with an Introduction by Martin Malvy
    Don Foresta, Georges-Albert Kisfaludi, Jonathan Barton, Konstantinos Vandikas
    Get at MIT Press

    This document builds on the discussion among art and industry representatives documented in “The Souillac Charter for Art and Industry: A Framework for Collaboration” (Leonardo 31, 3 [1998]). Specific projects and project ideas are presented, with the aim of increasing collaboration between artists and the telecommunications industry. Such increased collaboration will result in greater recognition and protection for artists and in greater innovation and creativity for industry.

Special Section: The Aesthetic Status of Technological Art

Extended Abstract

Leonardo Reviews


Leonardo, Volume 32, Issue 3

June 1999