Bibliography: Synesthesia in Art and Science

Compiled by Crétien van Campen (Editor) (E-mail:,
Greta Berman (E-mail:,
Anton V. Sidoroff-Dorso ( and
Bulat Galeyev (1940-2009)

Psychologists have identified synesthesia as a specific condition that occurs when an individual who receives a stimulus in one sense modality simultaneously experiences a sensation in another. In the last two centuries, the subject has aroused the interest of many artists and scientists. The existence of synesthesia seems at odds with the common-sense worldview of five separate senses that channel impressions to our minds. Intrigued by this apparent anomaly of the senses, artists, psychologists and other scientists have explored and experimented with synesthesia in order to reveal how the senses are interrelated. This bibliography contains a list of references to literature (some online) on these explorations and experiments by visual artists, musicians, writers, psychologists, neurologists (and other scientists) into the strange phenomenon of synesthesia. The bibliography also includes a number of links to Web sites on the topic.

Websites on synesthesia

The 21st Century Color Organ
by Jack Ox

American Synesthesia Association

Artificial Synesthesia
by Peter Meijer

Australian Synaesthesia Association
by Pat Higgs

Belgian Synesthesia Association
by Dr. Hugo Heyrman

Blue Cats Synesthesia Resource Center
by Pat Duffy

Center for Visual Music

Color Imagery
by Tony De Caprio

Colour Music
by Niels Hutchison

Congreso Internacional Sinestesia y Arte
Arte Citta, Spain

Essence of colour
by Anne Salz

German Synaesthesia Association

Kinetic Synaesthesia: Experiencing Dance in Multimedia Scenographies
by Marc Boucher

Laboratory of Sensory Information Processing
by Lawrence Marks et al.

Leonardo Synesthesia Special  Project
by Jack Ox and Jacques Mandelbrojt

Multi: Multiple-user Laser Table Interface
by Nancy Paterson

Music Animation Machine
by Stephen Malinowski and Lisa Turetsky

Online Visual Music Forum
by Ron Pellegrino

Optofonica: platform for synesthetic media and sound spatialization

Painting Music
by Phillip Schreibman

Prometheus Institute
by Bulat Galeyev

Reflectionist - Synesthesia and Photography
by Marcia Smilack

Rhythmic Light
by Fred Collopy

Rhythm Vision
by Dennis Roth

by Angela Meder and Andreas Mengel

SIGGRAPH 2004 Art Gallery
Synaesthesia Exhibits Works
by Regina Pautzke Milano, Italy
Design Faculty, Politecnico di Milano, Italy

Sinesteziya: Russian Synesthesia Community
by Anton V. Sidoroff-Dorso

by Steffi Lindner

Sounding Art
by Jane Mackay

by Elizabeth A. Pector

Synaesthesia, Experiment and Research
by dr. Hugo

Synaesthesia Research Center Waterloo, Canada
University of Waterloo, Canada

Synaesthesia Research Hanover
Hanover Medical School

Synaesthesia Research Team East London
University of East London, UK

Synaesthesia (Switzerland) by Marc Jacques Máchler

by Christine Soeffing

A project by 3kta / André Rangel that synaesthetically joins embodied activity of sports and dynamic audio-visual experience. In a customised way, Syndyn transforms any sports event into a real-time sound-and-light performance thus merging physical movement, aesthetics, entertainment and technology.

by Marcus Zedler

by Sean A. Day

Synesthesia, Art and Music
by Michael Haverkamp

Synesthesia artforum

The Synesthesia Battery
by David M. Eagleman

Synesthesia China
by Hung Wanyu

Synesthesia: collective gallery by Timothy B Layden

Synesthesia Sweden
by Christian Liljeberg

Synesthetes websites
by Pat Duffy

Synesthetics: Synesthesia in Science and Art
by Crétien van Campen

Sinestesia e arte sinestetica
by Daniela Alexandra Bruni

Synesthesia Page
by Richard Cytowic

Synesthesia Research Group
by Jamie Ward et al.

Synesthesie. A Virtual Revue on Contemporary Art, Paris

Synesthesia and Synesthetic Experience
by Carol Steen, Karen Chenausky, and Adam Rosen

by Verónica Burela & Irene Schönenberger, Université de Genève

Synthetic Synaesthesia
by Kristinn R Thòrisson

Synesthesia, Multimedia & the Caves of Altamira

Tonecolor Visual Music Arts
by Greg Jalbert

UK Synaesthesia Association

Visualization of Music Project
by Sandy Cohen

Visualizing Music & Sound - An Annotated Bibliography
by Craig Harris wikipedia: synesthesia

wikipedia: synesthesia in art


(On-Line) Publications on Synesthesia

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Amin, Maina, Olufemi Olu-Lafe, Loes E. Claessen, Monika Sobczak-Edmans, Jamie Ward, Adrian L. Williams, and Noam Sagiv. (2011). Understanding grapheme personification: A social synaesthesia? Journal of Neuropsychology; vol. 5: 255-282.

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Barnett, K.J., Foxe, J.J., Molholm, S., Kelly, S.P., Shalgi, S., Mitchell, K.J. and Newell, F.N. (2008). Differences in early sensory-perceptual processing in synesthesia: A visual evoked potential study. NeuroImage, 43(3) 605-613.

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(extended manuscript at:

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